Volume 189, 2017, Pages 325–331

Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference Transportation Geotechnics and Geoecology (TGG-2017).

Edited By Andrei Petriaev and Anastasia Konon.

Open Access

Seismic and Geomechanical Monitoring of Transport Infrastructure on Undermined Territories

  • Mining institute of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, Perm, Sibirskaya str., 78a


Development of deposits of water-soluble minerals is connected with the risk of the accidents caused by the destruction of the waterproof stratum, and, as a consequence, water breakthrough into the mines. Thereupon, besides the problem of the mine's loss the problem of stability of the massif uppermost part appears. This part includes the foundations of buildings and serves as the base for railways and highways, bridges, dams, pipelines and etc.

At the present stage of remote geophysical techniques of monitoring and prediction of such negative natural and technic origin, processes methods of high-resolution seismic survey on reflected waves have been developed most of all. In addition to prompt acquisition of physical and geological models of the section, the results of seismic observation's interpretation are proposed to be used as a part of parametric support for geomechanical calculations, which makes possible to predict rock mass stability in the range of transport facilities located above the mines.


  • remote monitoring;
  • failures;
  • geomechanics;
  • seismic;
  • karst


    • [1]
    • D.C. Lawton, Stewart, R.R., and Bertram, M.B., 2008, 3D seismic surveys for shallow targets: 2008 CSPG CSEG CWLS Convention abstract, 283-286.
    • [2]
    • G.-A. Tselentis, P. Paraskevopoulos Application of a high-resolution seismic investigation in a Greek coal mine /Geophysics, Vol. 67, No. 1 (2002); P. 50-59. .
    • [3]
    • Jones, I.F., Davison, I., 2014. Seismic imaging in and around salt bodies. Interpretation 2,SL1-SL20.
    • [4]
    • I.A. Sanfirov, A.G. Yaroslavtsev, A.A. Zhikin, S.V. Glebov, I.U. Gerasimova About shallow 3D seismic prospects for Upper Kama potash deposit. Geofizika [Russian Geophysics], 2015, no.5, pp. 6-11. .
    • [5]
    • A.A. Baryakh, V.A. Asanov, N.A. Samodelkina, I.L. Pankov, E.A. Telegina Geomechanical provision of protection of potassium mines from flooding. Eurasian mining (Gornyi Zhurnal). 2013, no.2, pp. 16-19.
    • [6]
    • A.A. Baryakh, N.A. Samodelkina (2016) Mathematical Modeling of Underworked Rock Strata Failure Process. Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 243, 2016, pp. 17-22. .
    • [7]
    • A.A. Baryakh, I.A. Sanfirov, A.G. Yaroslavtsev, A.K. Fedoseev, A.A. Tsayukov Engineering seismic application in geomechanical calculations of complex mine technical objects. Proceedings of the 12th Conference and Exhibition Engineering Geophysics 2016, April 2016, Anapa, Russia.
    • [8]
    • J. H. Bradford, (2002) Depth characterization of shallow aquifers with seismic reflection, Part I—The failure of NMO velocity analysis and quantitative error prediction, Geophysics, 67, 89-97.
    • [9]
    • J. H. Bradford, D.S. Sawyer (2002) Depth characterization of shallow aquifers with seismic reflection, Part II—Prestack depth migration and field examples, Geophysics, 67, 98-109.
    • [10]
    • R.D. Miller, D.W. Steeples, L. Schulte and J. Davenport, 1993, Shallow seismic-reflection feasibility study of the salt dissolution well field at North American Salt Company's Hutchinson, Kansas, facility: Mining Engineering, October, p. 1291-1296.
    • [11]
    • R.D. Miller, A. Villella, J. Xia, and D.W. Steeples, 2005, Seismic investigation of a salt dissolution feature in Kansas: Soc. Explor. Geophys., Investigations in Geophysics no. 13, Dwain K. Butler, ed., Near-Surface Geophysics, p. 681-694.
    • [12]
    • R.D. Miller, K. Millahn, 2006, High-resolution seismic reflection investigations of dissolution sinkholes [Ext.Abs.]: European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE) 68th Conference and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 12-15, 4 p. Published on CD.
    • [13]
    • D.W. Steeples, R.D. Miller, J.L. Lambrecht, and N. Croxton, 2006, High-resolution seismic-reflection imaging 25 years of change in I-70 sinkhole, Russell, County, Kansas [Exp. Abs.]: Soc. of Expl. Geophys., p. 1411-1414.
    • [14]
    • M. Langer, S. Heusermann Geomechanical stability and integrity of waste disposal mines in salt structures. Engineering Geology 61(2-3):155-161.
    • [15]
    • L. Jing, O. Stephansson Fundamentals of Discrete Element Methods for Rock Engineering: Theory and Applications, Volume 85 1st Edition. Elsevier Science, 2007. 562 p.

Peer-review under responsibility of the scientific committee of the International conference on Transportation Geotechnics and Geoecology.

Corresponding author. Tel.: +7-342-216-81-31; fax: +7-342-216-72-02.